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Verfasser:Giribaldi, R. E. [VerfasserIn]   i
 Ludwig, Hans-Günter [VerfasserIn]   i
Titel:Accurate effective temperature from Hα profiles
Verf.angabe:R.E. Giribaldi, M.L. Ubaldo-Melo, G.F. Porto de Mello, L. Pasquini, H.-G. Ludwig, S. Ulmer-Moll, and D. Lorenzo-Oliveira
Jahr:01 April 2019
Umfang:22 S.
Fussnoten:Gesehen am 18.04.2019
Titel Quelle:Enthalten in: Astronomy and astrophysics
Ort Quelle:Les Ulis : EDP Sciences, 1969
Jahr Quelle:2019
Band/Heft Quelle:624(2019) Artikel-Nummer A10, 22 Seiten
ISSN Quelle:1432-0746
Abstract:<i>Context.<i/> The determination of stellar effective temperature (<i>T<i/><sub>eff<sub/>) in F, G, and K stars using H<i>α<i/> profile fitting is a quite remarkable and powerful tool because it does not depend on reddening and is only slightly sensitive to other atmospheric parameters. Nevertheless, this technique is not frequently used because of the complex procedure needed to recover the profile of broad lines in echelle spectra. As a consequence, tests performed on different models have sometimes provided ambiguous results.<i>Aims.<i/> The main aim of this work is to test the ability of the H<i>α<i/> profile fitting technique to derive <i>T<i/><sub>eff<sub/>. We also aim to improve the applicability of this technique to echelle spectra and to test how well 1D + LTE models perform on a variety of F-K stars. We also apply the technique to HARPS spectra and test the reliability and the stability of the HARPS response over several years using the Sun.<i>Methods.<i/> We have developed a normalization method for recovering undistorted H<i>α<i/> profiles and we have first applied it to spectra acquired with the single-order Coudé instrument (resolution <i>R<i/> = 45 000) at do Pico dos Dias Observatory to avoid the problem of blaze correction. The continuum location around H<i>α<i/> is optimised using an iterative procedure, where the identification of minute telluric features is performed. A set of spectra was acquired with the MUSICOS echelle spectrograph (<i>R<i/> = 40 000) to independently validate the normalization method. The accuracy of the method and of the 1D + LTE model is determined using Coudé/HARPS/MUSICOS spectra of the Sun and Coudé-only spectra of a sample of ten <i>Gaia<i/> Benchmark Stars with <i>T<i/><sub>eff<sub/> determined from interferometric measurements. HARPS, Coudé, and MUSICOS spectra are used to determine <i>T<i/><sub>eff<sub/> of 43 sample stars.<i>Results.<i/> We find that a proper choice of spectral windows of fits plus the identification of telluric features allow for a very careful normalization of the spectra and produce reliable H<i>α<i/> profiles. We also find that the most used solar atlases cannot be used as templates for H<i>α<i/> temperature diagnostics without renormalization. The comparison with the Sun shows that H<i>α<i/> profiles from 1D + LTE models underestimate the solar <i>T<i/><sub>eff<sub/> by 28 K. We find the same agreement between H<i>α<i/> and interferometry and between H<i>α<i/> and Infrared Flux Method: a shallow dependency on metallicity according to the relation − 159[Fe/H] + 28 K within the metallicity range − 0.70 to + 0.40 dex. The comparison with the Infrared Flux Method shows a scatter of 59 K dominated by photometric errors (52 K). In order to investigate the origin of this dependency, we analyzed spectra from 3D models and found that they produce hotter temperatures, and that their use largely improves the agreement with the interferometric and Infrared Flux Method measurements. Finally, we find HARPS spectra to be fully suitable for H<i>α<i/> profile temperature diagnostics; they are perfectly compatible with the Coudé spectra, and lead to the same <i>T<i/><sub>eff<sub/> for the Sun as that found when analysing HARPS spectra over a timespan of more than 7 yr.
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 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201833763
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